Disclaimer And Terms of Use

Material on this Site is provided for informational, educational and research purposes only. Scientific information on this Site is provided to enhance knowledge and encourage progress in the scientific community.

Use of material on this Site for commercial purposes represents an infringement of the IGS Foundation’s copyright and intellectual property rights. (See General Copyright Notice below.)

The intended audiences of this Site include the general public, engineers, researchers, geosynthetics professionals, students and staff. Some Web pages serve specific audiences including but not limited to members and may be password-protected. Access to some pages may be otherwise restricted.

This Site, its services and materials, including text, graphics, images, logos and links, programming code, and software, are provided on an “as is” basis, and the IGS Foundation makes no claims or warranties of any kind, whether express or implied with respect to any Web page, service or material.

The IGS Foundation does not maintain that information contained herein is, in every respect, accurate, adequate or complete. While the IGS Foundation makes reasonable efforts to provide accurate and up-to-date information, the IGS Foundation is not responsible for any errors, omissions, and/or outcomes resulting from the use of this information. You are encouraged to confirm the information contained herein with the originating sources.

Where appropriate, information contained on this Site is supported by clear references to source data in the peer-reviewed literature. The IGS Foundation seeks to provide unbiased, balanced information. Please consult appropriate professionals with regard to the applicability of any opinions or recommendations with respect to engineering activities. Scientific or research data should be verified with the originating sources.

This Site contains links and references to other sites, products and services offered by third parties. These are provided for your convenience and reference only and do not constitute an endorsement or approval by the IGS Foundation. The IGS Foundation does not assume any liability for your use of those sites, their products, services or information. If you access documents on other Web sites, you are subject to the privacy policies, terms and conditions of those Web sites.


By using this Site, you agree to indemnify and hold harmless the IGS Foundation, its individual members, staff, officers and editors, etc. from any and all claims and damages relating to any charges or demands arising from your use of this Site.

General Copyright Notice

The IGS Foundation site links to and contains copyrighted material, trademarks and other information owned by the IGS Foundation and associated publishers and is protected under the international copyright and trademark laws. The IGS Foundation requires all users of this Site to comply with all state and federal laws, including copyright laws.

You may download, print, reproduce, or use the publicly available materials displayed on this Site for noncommercial, educational, personal or research purposes only, provided that you do not alter the content or any trademark, logo, copyright, author’s name or author’s identity. The posting date of the material on the Site must accompany such copied material. Reprinted materials (for educational, research or personal use) must contain the following attribution: “Reprinted by permission of the IGS Foundation, (with Site publication date.)”

Note that this Site may contain copyrighted work created under contract with publishers, foundations, agencies, etc. If a particular author places further restrictions on the material, you must honor those restrictions regardless of whether such restrictions are described on this Site.

By using any of this material, you assume all risks of copyright infringement and related liability